Pregnancy loss may be a risk factor for elevated symptoms of anxiety or the development of an anxiety disorder (28-30). Most studies of women's psychological functioning following miscarriage have focused on depression rather than the anxiety disorders. However, one study compared rates of anxiety disorder in a matched comparison group of community women who had not been pregnant in the past year and a group of women who attended a hospital following a miscarriage (28). Results indicated that women experiencing miscarriage were at a greater risk for a recurrent episode of OCD (relative risk = 8.0), whereas the incidence of panic disorder, phobic disorders, or agoraphobia was not statistically different between groups (28). Studies with larger samples are warranted so that the prevalence of anxiety disorders in this population may be better understood.
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