References

1 Lindsay JR, Jonklaas J, Oldfield EH, et al. Cushing's syndrome during pregnancy personal experience and review of the literature. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2005 90(5) 3077-83. 2 Buescher MA, McClamrock HD, Adashi EY. Cushing syndrome in pregnancy. Obstet Gy-necol 1992 79(1) 130-7. 3 Guilhaume B, Sanson ML, Billaud L, et al. Cushing's syndrome and pregnancy aetiologies and prognosis in twenty-two patients. Eur J Med 1992 1(2) 83-9. 4 Aron DC, Schnall AM, Sheeler LR. Cushing's syndrome and...

Hypertension in pregnancy

Normal gestation is associated with a fall in blood pressure toward the end of the first trimester, reaching a nadir between 22 and 24 weeks. Hypertension during pregnancy, defined by an absolute systolic or diastolic blood pressure exceeding 140 or 90 mmHg, respectively, complicates approximately 15 of pregnancies 61 . Increased vascular distensibility and reduced peripheral vascular resistance occurring in pregnancy are accompanied by physiologic changes, including sodium retention, increased...

Pheochromocytoma in pregnancy

Pheochromocytoma accounts for approximately 0.1 cases of hypertension in the general population. There have been at least 200 cases diagnosed in pregnancy, and the estimated prevalence at term is approximately 1 in 54,000 83,84 . Pheochromocytoma is associated with sustained or paroxysmal episodes of hypertension, pallor, headaches, and palpitations 84 . Other presentations include chest pain, dyspnea, abdominal pain, seizure, or even sudden death 85 . Although antenatal diagnosis is associated...